Our Skin Explained
The layers of skin can be divided into 3 main layers: the stratum corneum (cell layer), the epidermis and the dermis. What goes on beneath the surface is a constant cycle of renew and repair as the skin regenerates itself. This process pushes the old cells to the surface as new ones continue to form.
The skin naturally sheds dead skin cells through a process called desquamation. Every 28 days, on average, a new skin cell is “born” in the stratum germinativum, the deepest layer of the epidermis. The cell travels up through the epidermis until it reaches the uppermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum.
Once the cell reaches this layer, it is essentially dead. Ideally, new skin cells arrive at the skin’s surface, pushing older cells off.
In conjunction with this process, the oil glands which secrete sebum harden and environmental substances also attach themselves to the surface of the skin leading to a build-up. The skin then tends to look dry, dull and lifeless. As well as dehydration, the stratum corneum can thicken causing sluggish circulation and poor oxidation.
Exfoliating your skin regularly rids the skin of dead skin cell build-up around the follicles, promotes smooth and evenly textured skin as well as allowing a more thorough cleanse to reveal the newer skin cells underneath.
As we age, cellular regeneration becomes less efficient so the need for mechanical as well as chemical exfoliation is imperative to assist with removing the top layer of dead cells.
Oily Problematic Skin
CLARIFY - Designed for acne, oily skin and enlarged pores.
Effective in the treatment and management of acne prone skin.
Acne and Oily Skin
Acne is a common condition caused by chronic inflammation of the hair follicle or pore, leading to localised redness and swelling. Acne is associated with increased oil production, and people with acne often notice and complain of the greasiness of their skin, especially areas such as the face, chest and back.
Acne forms when the upper part of the hair follicle becomes blocked due to the influence of hormones. This blockage of the follicle traps oil and dead skin cells which causes whiteheads and blackheads to form. When these become infected with germs, a red inflamed pimple results.
Treatments for acne come in two forms; topical treatments and oral medicines. While mild to moderate acne responds very well to Advanced skincare products, severe cases may require prescription medicines from your doctor or dermatologist. Exfoliation will help remove blackheads, white heads and clogged pores, which can lead to acne. With oily skin, the oil tends to saturate the dead skin cells, which makes it difficult for these dead skin cells to fall naturally..
Enlarged pores are a common concern for many people of all ages and skin types, especially for those with oily and combination skin. The good news is that there are ways to minimise their appearance and smooth out your complexion.
Large pores appear mainly around the nose because the area has more oil glands than the other areas the oil and debris on the skin increases the pore size. Also as we age our pores enlarge, natural growth of the underlying oil glands occurs, along with diminishment of collagen, and consequently the ducts compress allowing the oil glands to rise to the surface of the skin.
Sun damage may also cause enlarged pores. The sun’s harmful rays cause the skin to thicken and the skin cells may collect around the pores which makes pores appear larger. Also as we know the sun damages the collagen and elastin in the skin and as a result the skin loses its elasticity and the pores enlarge because there is no collagen to keep them tight and small. Once the collagen and elastin in your skin is damaged the pores will begin to enlarge.
Improper skincare is another major contributor to enlarged pores. If you don’t remove your makeup in the evening and don’t cleanse and exfoliate your face skin regularly, you are more likely to have enlarged pores.
Microdermbrasion is an effective treatment to help minimize pores. It eliminates blackheads and stimulates the production of collagen, both of which will result in smaller, tighter pores.
BRIGHTEN - Designed for uneven skin tone, sun-damaged and ageing skin.
Resurfaces skin texture, fades discolouration, evens skin tones and improves the appearance of sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles.
Forty something skin - Once we hit our forties our fine lines become deeper, hyper pigmentation increases and the dreaded sagging begins. The skin will become visibly drier and begins to lose some of its tone and elasticity. Now is the time to energise and rejuvenate your skin, and get the glow back to reveal a youthful luminescence and firmness.
Fifty+ skin - The down side to hitting fifty is the appearance of age spots and the lack of natural oil production. You will see significant changes in your overall facial structure - a loss of collagen and looser skin are the culprits. Those who have exposed their skin to cigarette smoke and the sun in earlier decades will suffer the most. So you should protect and moisturise, partly to delay the onset of more lines, but also because well hydrated skin looks less wrinkly.
known as age spots. into the deeper layers of the skin and help build collagen, which gives skin its youthful appearance.
Microdermbrasion is an effective treatment to help minimise pores. It eliminates blackheads and stimulates the production of collagen, both of which will result in smaller, tighter pores.
Hyperpigmentation usually presents itself as age spots, uneven colour, freckles and sometimes melasma (mask of pregnancy), due to excess melanin production and deposition in the skin. The main cause is sun damage or photo-ageing but pigmentation can also be aggravated by other factors, including hormones such as during pregnancy or the contraceptive pill, certain medications and also inflammation following trauma or acne.
How much you can reduce the appearance of pigmentation depends on what is causing the problem and also how deep into the skin the pigmentation extends. Lightening agents are a safe approach for brightening the skin, and are effective when used consistently in a professional brightening regime.
Using exfoliants can also help fade pigmentation by speeding up cell turnover and accelerating the natural peeling of pigmented or dead skin cells and stimulating new skin cells growth.
Microdermabrasion works deeper by exfoliating away superficial pigmentation marks and thus stimulating the growth of new skin.
Normal and Sensitive Skin
Rejuvenate - Designed for normal to sensitive skin .
Exfoliates to gently remove dead skin cells, resulting in smoother, hydrated and refined healthy skin.
If you are lucky enough not to have any skin problems, your skin appears clear, fresh and smooth, and firm with an even texture. You should definitely want to keep it that way. This is the time to introduce skincare products and treatmentsto help your skin maintain its natural hydration levels and to keep it in optimal condition as it can be easily affected by the environment, the sun, diet and the ageing process.
Primarily exfoliation helps to remove the dead skin cells on the outer surface of the skin, which stimulates the growth of new elastic fibres & collagen in the deep basal cell layer of the dermis. These new cells are plumper, firmer and have more moisture. Revealing newer skin underneath that has a healthy and radiant glow because it has not been exposed to the elements.
If your skin reacts easily to anything you put on it or by the environment, then the chances are you have sensitive skin. People with sensitive skin are not producing enough sebum (the skins protective oil) to protect it from irritants. Sensitive skin can be easily irritated and may suffer from stinging, dryness, itching, redness and blotchiness.
Most skin types need encouragement with exfoliation. Dry skin tends to let dead skin cells accumulate to quickly, which can make skin look dry and dull. Exfoliating unhealthy dead skin cells on the surface of skin can improve collagen production and increase the skin's ability to hold moisture. Even sensitive skin types or non-active rosacea skin types benefit from exfoliation, helping to reduce redness, smoothing the skin and helping to enhance the absorption of rosacea skincare products.